Git repositories combinedfs / master

Tree @master (Download .tar.gz)


CombinedFS stands for Completely Over-engineered, Melted Brain-Induced, Not Even Decent Fucking Solution. Well, no, it doesn't, but I like far-fetched acronyms.

CombinedFS is a FUSE FileSystem that exposes a transformed, straightforward, read-only version of Let's Encrypt / Certbot's "live" directory for better integration with software that requires "combined" PEM files.


  • Dynamically concatenate and expose adequate PEM files;
  • include PEM files from outside the Certbot directory, e.g. Diffie-Hellman parameters;
  • hide symlinks, resulting in a single directory to expose to your TLS frontend;
  • filter exposed certificates (whitelist / blacklist) using a regular expression;
  • expose either a Certbot-like tree (e.g. my.domain.tld/combined.pem), suitable for those who just need filtering or concatenation...
  • or a flattened directory (e.g. my.domain.tld_cert.pem), suitable for software that loads all PEM files in a given directory;
  • specify Unix permissions: uid, gid, mode, either globally or on a per-file basis (not a per-cert basis though).


  • Python with fusepy
  • YAML/JSON configuration file

How to use it [--foreground] /path/to/configuration.yaml /mount/point

fstab syntax:

/path/to/configuration.yaml    /mount/point    fuse.combinedfs    defaults    0 0

Refer to configuration.reference.yaml to write your own configuration file.

It is possible to reload the configuration file without remounting the filesystem.

cat /mount/point/reload

This will output either "reload ok" or "reload fail".


Certbot already offers hooks to handle pretty much everything, from mere concatenations to complex deployments to various kinds of clusters. So why write a Fuse FileSystem to cover only a small part of this scope? Well, duh. Because it's fun, here's why.